The term ‘DERMATOGLYPHICS‘ have been derived from Greek words

Derma means skin; and

Glyphic means carving or design.

So the ridge pattern appearing on the first phallange of our fingers, palmer area or on the sole are covered by the term ‘DERMATOGLYPHICS’. This was coined by Dr. Harrold Cummins, who in turn is regarded as FATHER of Dermatoglyphics.

In PART 1, We learnt

1.  What is dermatoglyphics?

2. Pioneers in dermatoglyphics.

3. Different types of patterns.
In PART 2, we will try to learn what different kind of patterns tells us about our personal physical and behavioural traits/abnormalities.

Sir Francis Galton, in his book ‘FINGER PRINTS’ described only three types of fingerprint patterns. They are:-


J E PURKINJE, another pioneer, who classified nine types of patterns. 

Dr. Harrold Cummins described fingerprint patterns into 39 groups/categories.


(1)  Plain Arch

 Form: hill-shaped,curved top, no triangle was formed in with the shape.

Characteristics: hard working, introverted, cautious, works without complaint, likes to follow the steps, down to earth, do not like taking risks.

(2)  Tented Arch

 Form: like a camping tent with a sharp tip top.
Characteristics: with extreme personalities, can be outgoing and welcoming one day and shy the other;  it all depends on how nurture and development during childhood. Not afraid of challenges and obstacles, but may sometimes be impulsive. Creative.
(3) Ulnar Loop (for right hand).

 Form: like a waterfall flowing towards the little finger with triangular points.

Characteristics: gentle, observant, passive, loves schedules, likes to go with the flow, little self- motivation.
(4) Radial Loop (for right hand)

 Form: The opposite of ulnar loop, the “waterfall” flows toward the thumb.

: thinks independently and cleverly, like to question and criticize, self-centered, loves to go against the majority.

(5) Concentric Whorl 

 Form: Lines starting from the center of the small circle, the lines on finger tip appear to be a complete circle and spread out like concentric circles. with two triangular points.

:Self-centered, likes competition, likes to set objectives, rigorous, subjective, doesn’t like to be controlled.

(6) Spiral Whorl Patterns

 Form: A spiral pattern starting from the center and move outward, has two triangular points.

: Self motivated; Parents should encourage accordingly.

(7) Press Whorl Patterns

 Form: Similar to the whorl pattern, but the circle turns into a long oval shape, has two triangular points.

: Ambitious, likes competition, hates to be defeated, attention to detail, stays on a budget.

(8) Imploding whorl Patterns

 Form: Tai Chi-like patterns in the middle, surrounded by multi-layers of circle.

: Has the ability to complete two tasks at the same time, diverse, self-conscious.

9) Composite Whorl Patterns

 Form: Tai Chi-lke pattern without multi-layers or circle surrounding it.
Characteristics: Very adaptable, thinks from different perspectives, makes decision based on what the environment is, good communication and coordination skills, but can be distracted easily.

(10) Peacock’s Eye pattern/ Central Pocket Loop 

 Form: From the center it looks like a peacock’s eyes and lips; the center consists of more than one circle or spiral, the end of each ring is connected in a straight line. It has two triangular points; one further and the other closer to the center.
Characteristics: Expressive, highly perceptive, with leadership qualities, artistic

(11) Variant Patterns

 Form: Often has combination of two or more of whorls, ulnar loops, or simple arches, with two or more triangle points.
Characteristics: Likes to expressive oneself in a unique way, which often becomes offensive and creates misunderstandings.

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